Latest data shows that almost one in three women around the globe have been subjected to intimate partner violence and/or nonpartner violence of a sexual nature at least once in their life. This estimate equals to roughly 30% of women or 736 million women worldwide, an alarming figure.
Now, a new study has determined that women who have suffered domestic abuse have a heightened risk of developing atopic illnesses. Common atopic diseases include asthma, atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis. The study, which was led by the University of Birmingham, reported its findings in the “Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.”
For their research, the scientists analyzed patient records of an open cohort study in the United Kingdom, with a focus on adult women with a recorded exposure to domestic violence. They compared these to women without recorded exposure, excluding those who had been diagnosed with an atopic illness.
The researchers observed that there was a considerably larger percentage of women with both atopic illnesses and a history of being exposed to domestic abuse and violence in comparison to women who hadn’t.
In total, 13,852 women who had been exposed to domestic violence were compared to 49,036 women who hadn’t reported exposure, with the researchers observing a higher incidence of atopic disease in the former group. It should be noted that the researchers adjusted for potential confounders.
The corresponding author of the study, Dr. Joht Singh Chandan, stated that the group’s findings demonstrated that women with recorded exposure to domestic violence and abuse had a 52% higher risk of developing atopic illnesses. Chandan explained that domestic violence and abuse was a worldwide issue that disproportionately affected women, revealing that the group’s objective had been to better understand how domestic violence impacted overall health so that public health policies which were evidence-based could be developed to address domestic violence and abuse as well as its secondary effects.
The research had limitations, including the fact that data on their ethnicity lacked in the database and women in the exposed group were more likely to be current smokers in comparison to those in the unexposed group. Additionally, median follow-up for both groups was relatively short, especially given the nature of atopic ailments.
The researchers hope to address these limitations in future research.
Other researchers involved include Katrina Nash, MBChB; Nicholas Metheny, PhD; Sonica Minhas, MBBS; Julie Taylor, PhD; Krishna M. Gokhale, MSc; Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay, PhD; Caroline Bradbury-Jones, PhD; Nicola J. Adderley, PhD; and Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar, MD.
This study helps to highlight one of the factors that could be predisposing some women to atopic illnesses. Fortunately, a number of those atopic diseases can be managed easily by using readily available treatments from many companies such as Jupiter Wellness Inc. (NASDAQ: JUPW).
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